Monday, 9/12/2019 | 2:10 UTC+0
Libyan Newswire

Answer – VP/HR – organised trafficking of illegal immigrants – E-012678/2015

The European Union military operation in the southern Central Mediterranean (Eunavfor MED, now renamed Eunavfor MED/OP Sophia) was established by the Council on 18 May 2015 and launched by the latter on 22 June 2015. The operation is designed to disrupt the business model of human smuggling and trafficking networks and thus contribute to preventing further loss of life at sea. The operation will be conducted in three phases: The first phase focuses on surveillance and assessment of human smuggling and trafficking networks in the Southern Central Mediterranean. The second phase provides for the search and, if necessary, diversion of suspicious vessels. The third phase would allow the disposal of vessels and related assets, preferably before use.

Eunavfor MED, has currently reached phase 2 ‘a’ (i.e. on the high seas), as agreed by the EU Ambassadors within the Political and Security Committee on September 28. In order to transition further, into phase 2 ‘b’ (i.e. in the territorial waters of Libya) and phase 3 on Libyan sovereign territory, a further UN Security Council Resolution or the consent of the coastal State concerned would be needed as well as an invitation from the Libyan government.