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The military operation to capture the Libyan capital of Tripoli by the Libyan National Army (LNA) is rapidly escalating, with a potential for catastrophic consequences for civilians. As a result, the physical safety of civilians is increasingly threatened by indiscriminate attacks as fighting remains active in Abu Salim, Gharat, Suq Al-Jumaa and Hadbaa, and spills into different neighbourhoods of the city including Ain Zara, Khala, Azizya, Wadi Rabiya'a and Qasr Bin Ghashir. More than ever, ensuring the protection of civilians' remains of paramount importance. The growing protection needs for the most vulnerable groups such as those caught up in the conflict areas, displaced people, migrants and refugees in and outside detention centers, should also be addressed immediately.
Over the last two weeks, more than 25,000 persons have been displaced to several locations in Tripoli and across Libya. In addition, according to WHO, 189 persons (including 18 civilians) were killed and more than 800 were injured as a consequence of clashes and indiscriminate shelling.
Protection of Civilians:
Fighting in Tripoli escalated dramatically in the last few days as the LNA began to make rapid advances to the edge of Tripoli. Thousands of families remain trapped in conflict-affected areas as not all parities responded to calls for humanitarian corridors. As documented by several humanitarian actors, the neighbourhoods most affected by casualties in the last two weeks were Ain Zara, Khala, Azizya, Wadi Rabiya'aand Gasr Bin Ghashir. The indiscriminate attacks, shelling and usage of medium and heavy weapons in populated areas continued and resulted in the loss of many civilians. Illustrating the vast insecurity facing the conflict-affected population, civilians were killed and injured most frequently inside their homes (80%), at public services and infrastructure sites (10%), and in cars including medical staff in ambulances (10%). In addition, the bombing of schools, hospitals and ambulances has taken place in violation of International Humanitarian Law.
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees