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- Libya: Health Sector Bulletin (June 2020)
Violations of International Humanitarian Law remain of grave concern as indiscriminate attacks against civilians and medical facilities and personnel continue. Indiscriminate violence, particularly rocket and mortar attacks, have occurred in and around Tripoli, increasingly impacting residential areas. These incidents have resulted in at least 83 civilian casualties, including 18 deaths, verified since the start of the conflict. These include four health workers: two doctors and one ambulance driver killed and one doctor injured.
Protecting people affected by the conflict by relocating them to safer areas and negotiating a humanitarian truce through humanitarian focal points remain priorities. Aid workers continue to call for safe and unrestricted humanitarian access and for humanitarian corridors to allow civilians trapped in conflict areas to move to safety. It is therefore vital that focal points for humanitarian access negotiations are nominated by all sides.
30,200 people internally displaced by ongoing hostilities
83 civilian casualties confirmed, including 18 civilian deaths
16,500 people assisted with some form of humanitarian assistance since the onset of crisis
$10.2M funding required for Tripoli Flash Appeal
Armed clashes and indiscriminate shelling continue to impact multiple locations in and around Tripoli. On the night of 18 April shelling was reported on Ain Zara, Souq al-Juma'a and Tajoura districts, east of Tripoli, and grad rockets were reported in the Abuselim, Al-Hadba and Qasr Bin Ghasheer areas, south of Tripoli. Unconfirmed reports of damage to some civilian houses have been received as a result of the shelling.
Credible reports have been received that houses of displaced families have been looted and on occasion targeted for destruction based on the presumed political affiliations of their owners. Fear of looting and similar incidents is a deterring factor, which prevents some families from fleeing conflict-affected areas.
On 17 April, a private clinic in Qasr Bin Ghasheer came under rocket fire that resulted in the damage of two ambulances, generators and transport vehicles. Since the eruption of conflict, nine ambulances have been directly or indirectly impacted in a series of incidents, obstructing the rescue operations of emergency responders.
Additional damage to civilian infrastructure has been reported from Swani and Al Aziziya, 25 and 50km south of Tripoli, respectively, where the electrical grid was particularly severely damaged, and power cuts last for at least 16 hours per day. Some specific areas reported 24-hour blackouts. There are additional alleged reports that water supply infrastructure has recently been hit.
Since the onset of fighting, over 30,000 IDPs have been identified. As of 18 April, at least 414 families, over 2,200 people, are sheltered in 16 centers set up by local authorities.
According to UNHCR and IOM, refugees and migrants in detention suffer from lack of food, water and sanitation, particularly in eight detention centres exposed to or at risk of conflict: Qasr Bin Ghasheer, Abusliem, Ain Zara (currently empty), Triq al Sika, Al Sabaa, Tajoura, Janzour and Gharyan. Food remains the primary concern, as DCIM is rationing meals in several of the centres. In Qasr Bin Ghasheer detention centre, IOM and UNHCR have been providing temporary assistance while negotiating with DCIM to resume their responsibility to feed refugees and migrants in detention. In Gharyan detention centre, detainees lack access to safe drinking water. Hygiene and sanitation conditions are extremely poor, contributing to health problems amongst the detainees. Since the beginning of the crisis, UNHCR and its partners have relocated 540 vulnerable refugees from detention centres exposed to or at risk of conflict to the General Departure Facility in a safer area of Tripoli. Efforts are ongoing to relocate detainees from Qasr Bin Ghasheer detention centre, on the frontlines of the conflict.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs