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- Libya: Health Sector Bulletin (June 2020)
A significant number of civilians were able to exit the Khalat al Furjan/Ain Zara areas in the south west of Tripoli on 17 April, accompanied by local evacuation teams. This development came after interventions by the UN, advocating for safe passage of civilians from conflict-affected areas.
Through this humanitarian corridor, first responder teams also assisted people who decided to remain in the affected areas to protect their assets.
Nearly 27,000 individuals have been displaced since the start of the conflict per DTM-IOM data. Push factors driving people to leave the affected areas include fighting, shelling, airstrikes as well as the lack of key services and goods such as electricity and water.
On 18 April the humanitarian community launched a Flash Appeal to assist some 100,000 people including refugees and migrants affected by the conflict and in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection. Humanitarian partners appeal for US$10.2 million to respond in a timely and effective manner.
The Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$2 million from the United Nations Central mergency Response Fund (CERF) to respond to the current emergency and ensure civilians receive timely life-saving assistance.
27,000 people internally displaced by ongoing hostilities
79 civilian casualties confirmed, including 18 civilian deaths
15,900 people assisted with some form of humanitarian assistance since onset of crisis
$189M remaining funding required for the Libya Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
Humanitarian corridor for civilians trapped in conflict areas: An agreement between parties to the conflict was reached on 17 April to allow families to evacuate from conflict-affected areas in the south west Tripoli. Families in Khalat al Furjan and Ain Zara were able to leave accompanied by three evacuation teams. Road blockages were removed for a period of time for the families to move. While the total number is still unconfirmed, evacuation teams report that most of the families who wanted to leave were able to do so. Evacuation teams also assisted people who decided to remain in the affected areas to protect their assets.
The situation continues to deteriorate for civilians in conflict-affected areas, with shortages of essential items such as food and bottled water due to widespread closures of stores and markets. Shortages of medicines and fuel were also reported. According to a recent REACH assessment in five affected baladiyas, damage to the electrical grid was particularly severe in Al Aziziya and Swani bin Adam, where people reported power cuts of at least 16 hours per day and some reported 24-hour blackouts. The risk of armed clashes and shelling also prevents residents from reaching essential goods and services in safer areas. Nearly 4,000 refugees and migrants remain in detention centres in conflict areas or in the proximity of hostilities.
Displacement:. 2,550 new IDPs were identified in Garabolli, Msallata, Tajoura, Tripoli, Swani bin Adam, Siddi Assayeh and Zwara in the past 24 hours, according to IOM-DTM. In total nearly 27,000 individuals have fled their homes since the start of hostilities, with approximately 2,000 living in collective shelters set up by local authorities. Most displaced people stay with family and in private accommodation in neighborhoods and suburbs in Tripoli. Many IDP households remain in other areas of Tripoli close to the fighting, where they face continued risk of armed conflict.
Civilian causalities: 79 civilian casualties have been confirmed since the start of current hostilities, including 18 deaths2 . Four health workers, two doctors and one ambulance driver were killed and one doctor injured. Civilians continued to be a target of armed conflict, in violation of International Humanitarian Law
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs