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Libyan Newswire

FAO GIEWS Country Brief on Chad (25-April-2016)

Reference Date: 25-April-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Below-average cereal production gathered in 2015 due to poor distribution of rains

  2. Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months

  3. Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees

Irregular rains caused significant decline in 2015 cereal output

During the 2015/16 cropping season, the Government and its partners strengthened their support to agricultural producers through the provision of various inputs, including fertilizers, seeds, pesticides and agricultural equipment. However, most parts of the country witnessed a late start of the raining season followed by poor distribution of rains. As a result, the 2015 aggregate cereal production is estimated at some 2.45 million tonnes, 11 percent below the previous year’s output and 9 percent below average. Lower pastures, early drying of ponds and waterholes and early transhumants descent towards the South, characterized the pasture situation.

An above-average crop was gathered in 2014. Aggregate cereal production was estimated at about 2.7 million tonnes, 5 percent above the previous year’s output and 12 percent above average.

In spite of the reduced crop in Chad, coarse grain prices have been mostly stable throughout 2015 and early 2016 reflecting adequate regional supplies and imports from neighbouring countries.

Food security continues to be affected by civil insecurity in neighbouring countries

Chad hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. According to OCHA, as of April 2016, about 94 000 people have been internally displaced, including an estimated 56 000 people displaced recently in the sub‑prefectures of Daboua and Liwa due to insecurity in the Lake Chad Region. In addition, over 377 000 refugees are estimated to be currently living in Chad, while about 80 000 Chadians have returned to the country. As a result of these various factors, over 1 000 000 people are currently estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above and are in need of urgent assistance across the country, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.

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