Wednesday, 3/6/2020 | 11:24 UTC+0
Libyan Newswire

Answer – The provision of EU funding to countries in the Middle East – E-000948/2017

The EU uses several instruments to pursue its external policy objectives. The European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights is the expression of EU commitment to support and promote democracy and human rights in third countries, in addition to the Partnership Instrument for cooperation.

The primary instrument for Egypt, Libya and Syria is the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI). However, in Syria and Libya the EU has frozen the cooperation with the respective governments. Libya also benefits from the North Africa window of the EU Trust Fund for Africa. Iraq benefits from bilateral assistance under the Development Cooperation Instrument.

In 2016, contracts signed under the instruments mentioned above for Iraq, Egypt, Libya and inside Syria amounted respectively to EUR 60; 140; 18 and 178 million. Humanitarian aid amounted respectively to EUR 159; 4; 10.8 and 143 million.

Saudi Arabia and Iran do not benefit from EU bilateral development financial assistance. Humanitarian projects worth EUR 12.5 million were implemented in 2016 in Iran.

The detailed information required by the Honourable Member related to amounts and monitoring is available on the Commission website(1).

The Commission is aware of the concerns about minorities, including the persecution of the Christian minority. The EU programmes take into account the respect of fundamental values and intervene to specifically address the root causes of persecution.

The consistent application of rights-based approach ensures that cooperation activities reach the most vulnerable. The EU will continue to use the full range of its tools to defend the rights of all persons belonging to religious or belief communities and minorities.