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Libyan Newswire

Answer – Livestock exports from Romania hampered by NSVFSA – E-003217/2016

Animals intended for export to a non-EU country shall meet the veterinary requirements of the non-EU country of their destination, which should follow the recommendations of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The Commission and the Member States contribute to the rational and science-based development of those international standards. The Commission also promotes the application of those standards whenever it engages in relevant trade negotiations.

In accordance with Commission Decision 93/444/EEC(1), the animals to be exported must meet at least the animal health conditions for intra-Union trade in slaughter animals of the species concerned until they reach the point of exit from the EU.

Council Directives 90/425/EEC(2), 64/432/EEC(3) and 91/68/EEC(4) require that transporters for the carriage of animals must use means of transport that are cleaned and disinfected immediately after every transport of animals, and if necessary before any new loading of animals, using disinfectants officially approved by the competent authority. The Commission, with the strong support of Member States, has adopted specific rules for the cleansing and disinfection of empty livestock vehicles returning from certain non-EU countries(5). Those requirements are based on evidence that not only live animals but also used livestock vehicles may spread animal disease pathogens.

The setup of infrastructure necessary for a sustainable agricultural development is part of the objectives described in Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on support for rural development(6).

(1) Commission Decision 93/444/EEC of 2.7.1993 on detailed rules governing intra-Community trade in certain live animals and products intended for exportation to third countries (OJ L 208, 19.8.1993, p. 34).
(2) Council Directive 90/425/EEC of 26.6.1990 concerning veterinary and zootechnical checks applicable in intra‐ Community trade in certain live animals and products with a view to the completion of the internal market (OJ L 224, 18.8.1990, p. 29).
(3) Council Directive 64/432/EEC of 26.6.1964 on animal health problems affecting intra-Community trade in bovine animals and swine (OJ 121, 29.7.1964, p. 1977).
(4) Council Directive 91/68/EEC of 28.1.1991 on animal health conditions governing intra-Community trade in ovine and caprine animals (OJ L 046, 19.2.1991, p.19).
(5) Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/2217 of 27.11.2015 on measures to prevent the introduction into the Union of the foot-and-mouth disease virus from Libya and Morocco (OJ L 314, 1.12.2015, p. 60).
(6) Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17.12.2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 487).