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Libyan Newswire

Answer – EU cooperation with partner countries in the Horn of Africa on return, readmission and reintegration – E-000312/2018

The main focus of the Khartoum process is fighting human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants.

The ‘Facility on Sustainable and Dignified Return and Reintegration in support of the Khartoum Process’(1) (the Facility), funded through the EU Trust Fund for Africa(2), does not finance return operations from EU Member States either voluntary or forced. These remain EU Member States’ mandate.

The Facility will provide 4 200 already returned persons, including from Europe, with needs-based reintegration assistance that aims to address the social, economic and psychosocial dimensions of reintegration.

By 30 November 2017, 664 reintegration cases were ongoing, of which 439 are Sudanese (436 who returned voluntarily from Libya and three who returned voluntarily from Ethiopia).

Returns from Europe are carried out by Member States according to the rules and under the safeguards established by the EC law and the applicable international law.

Readmission of own nationals is an obligation under international law and as such can and does take place under Member States bilateral readmission arrangements or agreements.

(1) Action Document was approved on 15 December 2016 and is available on the EU Trust Fund website: