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Libyan Newswire

Answer – Establishment of refugee camps outside the EU – P-004582/2016

To enable migrants and refugees to stay close to home in conditions of dignity and to avoid taking perilous journeys putting their lives at risk is one of the main objectives of the new Partnership Framework under the European Agenda on Migration(1), launched by the Commission in June 2016.

Such a Partnership entails enhanced, more targeted and coordinated action in favour of priority countries in Subsaharan Africa, but also increased cooperation with Tunisia and Morocco. This complements various forms of cooperation and support already provided to Libya by the EU, in partnership with the International Organisation for Migration and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

With Morocco in 2013 and with Tunisia in 2014, Mobility Partnerships have been established aiming to set up supporting measures, inter alia in the field of asylum and protection. In parallel, Regional Development Protection Programmes are implemented in Northern African countries, to manage the challenges of mixed migratory flows and to enhance their capacity in developing comprehensive national protection systems consistent with the Geneva Convention.

North Africa, the Sahel, the Lake Chad region and the Horn of Africa have benefitted from actions worth around EUR 900 million under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, launched in 2015, while the Commission provides needs-based assistance to refugees hosted in camps as well as urban settings across Africa.

With regard to the western Balkans route, in addition to humanitarian assistance, special measures benefiting primarily Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have been adopted, aiming to strengthen their capacity to ensure shelter and improve migration and border management systems.

As a follow-up to the Leaders’ Meeting on refugee flows along the Western Balkan route, regular videoconferences with relevant EU Member States and other partners, under the Commission’s chairmanship, are taking place to discuss developments and get early warnings about the need for further action.

(1) COM(2016) 385: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/european-agenda-migration/proposal-implementation-package/docs/20160607/communication_external_aspects_eam_towards_new_migration_ompact_en.pdf
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