Thursday, 13/8/2020 | 8:18 UTC+0
Libyan Newswire

Answer – Diversion of migrants due to the EU's agreement on refugees with Turkey – E-006524/2016

The Commission closely monitors the migratory flows at all EU external borders. Following the EU-Turkey Statement, flows from Turkey to Greece have reduced drastically. There is no evidence of rerouting from the Eastern to the Central Mediterranean Route.

The nationalities of migrants reaching the EU through the Eastern Mediterranean route (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq, Iran, Syria) are different from the ones using the Central Mediterranean route. Top nationalities of migrants arriving in Italy via the Central Mediterranean route are from the Horn of Africa and Sub-Saharan countries: Nigeria (21.2% of the total arrivals), Eritrea (12.1%), Guinea, Ivory Coast and Gambia as of 3 November 2016. Syrian refugees are no longer among the top 10 nationalities arriving in Italy; they were less than 1,000 in 2016 compared to more than 7,400 in 2015.

On the Central Mediterranean route, the overall figures of arrivals in Italy in 2016 amount to 161,817 as of 6 November. As of 3 November 2016, migrants from Africa reaching Europe depart mainly from Libya (almost 90%) and Egypt (8%). Despite sporadic arrivals, the numbers of migrants coming to Italy from Turkey are similar to the corresponding period in 2015 and those from Greece are much lower (-60.4%).

The Commission also refers the Honourable Member to its answer to Written Question P-004005/2016(1).