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Libyan Newswire

Answer – Cooperation between the EU and Libya over migration – E-003166/2017

The European Union (EU) firmly supports stabilisation and political transition in Libya. By the end of 2016, the EU had allocated EUR 120 million to Libya distributed over 37 projects in several sectors.

Regarding migration, the EU approach is guided by the strategy established by the Joint Communication on the Central Mediterranean Route(1) and the Malta Declaration(2). The EU’s migration management support is mainly articulated along three strands: i) migration governance through the provision of training and capacity-building programmes; ii) protection and resilience of migrants, refugees and host communities, through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa(3); and iii) countering irregular migration and trafficking, via the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA) and the EU Naval Force Operation Sophia.

Under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, in addition to two programmes already adopted in 2016 worth EUR 26 million, a package of projects for EUR 90 million was adopted on 12 April 2017 to expand the protection of those in need, promote alternatives to detention and increase the voluntary humanitarian repatriation and reintegration of the most vulnerable migrants.

It also addresses the stability needs of local communities in Libya through the provision of basic services and socioeconomic opportunities benefitting Libyans, migrants, refugees, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees. This will be implemented by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Children Fund (Unicef), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the German Cooperation Agency, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

(1) JOIN (2017) 4 final of 25.1.2017; Joint Communication to the European Parliament, the European Council and the Council: ‘Migration on the Central Mediterranean Route — Managing flows, saving lives’.
(2) Malta Declaration by the members of the European Council on the external aspects of migration: addressing the Central Mediterranean route.
(3) The EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa.